Coastal Wetlands Blueprint Project
The Paulson Institute worked with the Chinese government on the country’s first comprehensive national blueprint and policy recommendations for the conservation and management of China’s endangered coastal wetlands. The blueprint results were announced in Beijing on October 19, 2015. Training and policy advocacy are ongoing.
The ultimate goal of the Coastal Wetlands Blueprint Project—a partnership with the Office of Wetlands Conservation and Management under the State Forestry Administration and the Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research at the Chinese Academy of Sciences—is to provide the scientific foundation and policy recommendations for strengthening conservation and management of endangered coastal wetlands. Over 18 months, dozens of Chinese scientists and several international experts conducted field surveys, scientific analysis, and policy consultation, culminating in detailed technical reports, comprehensive policy recommendations, and public education materials. Specifically the blueprint focused on the following goals:
- Assessment of the current status of coastal wetland conservation in China
- Planning and mapping of coastal wetland biodiversity conservation
- Conservation for key coastal wetland habitats for migratory waterbirds along the East Asian–Australasian Flyway
- Identification of best practices on coastal wetland conservation and management
- Strategy and action plan for coastal wetland conservation
China officially joins the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands, an intergovernmental treaty that promotes the conservation of wetlands and their resources, which established the country’s recognition of increasing wetland importance.
The State Forestry Administration (SFA), in partnership with 16 other government institutions and ministries, releases the National Wetland Conservation Action Plan for China, a set of guidelines for the conservation and responsible use of wetlands.
China’s State Council approves the National Wetland Conservation Program (2004-2030), which aims to establish 713 wetland reserves, including 80 wetland sites of international importance.
The SFA establishes the Convention on Wetlands Management Office, responsible for ensuring fulfillment of the Ramsar Convention and its wetland projects.
China’s State Council approves the China National Biodiversity Conservation Strategy and Action Plan (2011-2030), devised by the Ministry of Environmental Protection, in an effort to establish monitoring systems to help prioritize wetland conservation and restoration.
The SFA issues the Twelfth Five-Year Plan for National Forestry Development (2011-2015) , setting targets for wetland conservation at regional and national levels.
The Ministry of Land and Resources issues the National Land Consolidation Plan (2011-2015), which emphasizes the importance of environmental integrity and wetland conservation in land consolidation and prevents the exploitation of wetlands for agricultural purposes.
The State Council approves the 12th Five-Year Implementation Plan of the NWCP (2011-2015), aiming to expand the scope of wetland protection at both the provincial and national levels. Prepared in conjunction with the SFA and nine other central sectors, this plan would allow for the Central Government and sub-national governments at different levels to invest as much as 12.987 billion RMB for wetland restoration and conservation.
The SFA adopts national policies on wetland protection, titled the Management Rules on Wetland Protection, as a first step towards developing national wetland legislation that would supersede local legislation.
Management Rules on Wetland Protection enters into force.
China’s State Council promulgates the Master Plan for Protecting the Environment and Ecosystems of Lakes with Good Water Quality (2013-2020), aiming to manage water pollution in key watersheds and across China’s five lake districts.
In partnership with The Office of Wetlands Conservation and Management under the State Forestry Administration and the Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, the Paulson Institute announces the launch of its Coastal Wetland Blueprint Project. The Blueprint Project aims to produce a comprehensive set of policy recommendations in order to lay a solid foundation for developing a well-informed national strategy for coastal wetland conservation.
China’s State Council approves the National Ecological Protection and Development Plan (2011-2020), a joint agreement formulated by twelve state sectors, including the National Reform and Development Commission. The Plan aims to serve as a framework for mainstreaming wetland conservation through conservation solutions that tackle exploitation issues.
The Paulson Institute’s Coastal Wetland Blueprint Project is completed after 18 months.