The area of mangroves in China has decreased by 73% during the half-century from 1950 to 2000. At present, there remain approximately 29,000 hectares (nearly 10,000 sq meters) of mangroves in China (planted mangroves included). These are mainly distributed in the south of Hainan, Guangdong, Guangxi, Fujian and Zhejiang provinces. Although China has so far established 34 mangrove protected areas covering around 67% of the remaining mangroves in China, mangrove ecosystems in China are still facing severe threats and pressures. To help address these issues, the Paulson Institute and Shenzhen Mangrove Conservation Foundation launched the “Study on China’s Mangrove Conservation and Restoration Strategy” in November 2018.