Luannan coastal wetlands in Hebei Province, in the north of Bohai Bay, are a high priority for conservation. They consist of natural intertidal mudflats, aquaculture ponds, and salt pans. Its unique geographic location and wetland resources make it one of the most important stopover sites for 350,000 migratory waterbirds along the East Asian-Australasian Flyway (EAAF).
This wetland faces many threats due to the lack of legal protection, pollution, over-fishing, bird bycatch by fishing nets, poaching, invasion of the Spartina alterniflora grass, and restricted space available on the mudflats for feeding birds.
In view of the importance and urgency in protecting Luannan coastal Wetland, the Forestry Department of Hebei Province, the People’s Government of Luannan County, the Worldwide Fund for Nature (WWF) and the Paulson Institute signed a five-year Memorandum of Understanding on 15th June 2017 to establish and manage a nature reserve or wetland park on Luannan coastal wetlands With the support from Heren Charitable Foundation, the Paulson Institute and its partners initiated the planning and application of the proposed provincial-level nature reserve or wetland park. The objective is to enhance the conservation of Luannan coastal wetlands through the establishment and management of a provincial-level nature reserve or wetland park and to promote a harmonious relationship between local people and nature.