Advancing sustainable growth in the United States and China

Cross-Border Investment Programs

Why Cross-Border Investment?

There are compelling incentives for the United States and China to increase direct investment in both directions. US direct investment in China was roughly $60 billion in 2010, yet a variety of obstacles and barriers to further American investment remain. Meanwhile, Chinese direct investment in the United States has hovered at around only $5 billion. For China, investing in the United States offers the opportunity to diversify risk from domestic markets while moving up the value-chain into higher-margin industries. And for the United States, leveraging Chinese capital could, in some sectors, help to create and sustain American jobs.

As a nonprofit institution, the Paulson Institute does not participate in any investments. But by taking a sector-by-sector look at opportunities and constraints, the Institute has begun to highlight commercially promising opportunities—and to convene relevant players from industry, the capital markets, government, and academia around economically rational and politically realistic investment ideas.

The Institute’s goal is to focus on specific and promising sectors rather than treat the question of investment abstractly. We currently have two such sectoral efforts—on agribusiness and manufacturing.


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State-Level Competitiveness Program

The Institute works closely with several US governors to help them hone their approach to attracting job-creating foreign direct investment. Our core competitiveness program is a partnership with states in the Great Lakes region.

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US-China Agribusiness Program

The agribusiness program focuses on connecting China’s growing demand for agricultural products to the United States’ dynamic agricultural sector, with the aim of spurring innovation and creating jobs.

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US-China Manufacturing Program

The program focuses on trends that will determine the future of global manufacturing capital flows and tackles the challenges of promoting mutually beneficial partnerships that support the United States manufacturing sector and create jobs in the US.

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Investment Case Study Program

The Institute publishes in-depth historical case studies of past Chinese direct investments in the United States, examining investment structures and economic, political, and business rationales. These detailed studies aim to reconstruct motivations and actions, and then to draw lessons learned.

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Bilateral Investment Treaty

The Institute works with US and Chinese business and government leaders to advocate for a US-China Bilateral Investment Treaty, which would open China’s markets and level the playing field for both countries’ investors.

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