Advancing sustainable growth in the United States and China
  • Sustainable Economic Transition and Jing-Jin-Ji

    JJJ Map EN

    The region surrounding Beijing, one of China’s most important centers for heavy industry, accounts for some 10% of China’s GDP. Though eight of China’s 10 most polluted cities are in the region, the right policies can cut pollution and help the region move to a more sustainable economic model.

  • Jing-Jin-Ji: A Steel Powerhouse

    Jing-Jin-Ji’s economy is reliant on heavy industry: If it were a stand-alone country, this region would be the largest steel producer in the world – Hebei produces 28% of China’s total steel output

    Primary industry refers to mining, agriculture and other extractive industries; secondary industry refers to manufacturing and other production; tertiary refers to services such as retail, finance, education, and government

    Source: National Bureau of Statistics, 2014

  • PM2.5 Concentrations

    Click below to see the difference in ambient PM2.5 concentrations in the Jing-Jin-Ji region after cutting emissions by 30% in the following sectors: buildings, industry, power, transportation, and agriculture.

    The maps were produced exclusively for this paper by Tsinghua University using advanced atmospheric modeling techniques using data from winter 2012.


    Base Case

    Ambient air quality in Jing-Jin-Ji prior to emissions cuts in winter 2012.


    Buildings

    In the winter, when public heating (generally from coal) is at its peak, a 30% reduction in buildings sector emissions would have the largest relative impact in most cities in Jing-Jin-Ji.


    Industry

    In winter, a 30% reduction in industrial emissions would have the second largest impact on ambient air quality across most cities in Jing-Jin-Ji after the buildings sector, with the exception of Cangzhou and Beijing.


    Transportation

    The impact of a 30% cut in transportation sector emissions would be small compared to the impact of the same cut from industry or buildings.


    Agriculture

    The impact of a 30% cut in agricultural sector emissions would be small compared to the impact of the same cut from industry or buildings.


    Power

    The impact of a 30% cut in power sector emissions would be small compared to the impact of the same cut from industry or buildings.



  • Home to China’s Most Polluted Cities

    Heavily dependent on industry, Jing-Jin-Ji is home to eight of China’s ten most polluted cities, making it the most polluted region in the country. A more diversified economy – for example, with more focus on renewable energy – combined with investment in energy efficiency measures for industry, would help ensure cleaner air.

    Most Polluted Cities in China (2014, MEP)

    1. Baoding 保定
    2. Xingtai 邢台
    3. Shijiazhuang 石家庄
    4. Tangshan 唐山
    5. Handan 邯郸
    6. Hengshui 衡水
    7. Jinan 济南
    8. Langfang 廊坊
    9. Zhengzhou 郑州
    10. Tianjin 天津

  • Plentiful Wind and Solar Resources

    Hebei ranks 3rd in China for installed wind capacity and 6th for installed solar capacity, and good geography should boost renewable energy output.

    Jing-Jin-Ji is near some of China’s best wind regions—comparable to Iowa in the United States.

    Wind Oppty English

    Jing-Jin-Ji is near some of China’s best solar regions, comparable to central Spain.

    Solar Oppty English

    Hebei ranks 3rd in China for installed wind capacity and 6th for installed solar capacity, but good geography should boost renewable energy output

    Source: Solargis