Sustainable Economic Transition and Jing-Jin-Ji
The region surrounding Beijing, one of China’s most important centers for heavy industry, accounts for some 10% of China’s GDP. Though eight of China’s 10 most polluted cities are in the region, the right policies can cut pollution and help the region move to a more sustainable economic model.
Jing-Jin-Ji: A Steel Powerhouse
Jing-Jin-Ji’s economy is reliant on heavy industry: If it were a stand-alone country, this region would be the largest steel producer in the world – Hebei produces 28% of China’s total steel outputSource: National Bureau of Statistics, 2014
Primary industry refers to mining, agriculture and other extractive industries; secondary industry refers to manufacturing and other production; tertiary refers to services such as retail, finance, education, and government
Source: National Bureau of Statistics, 2014
Click below to see the difference in ambient PM2.5 concentrations in the Jing-Jin-Ji region after cutting emissions by 30% in the following sectors: buildings, industry, power, transportation, and agriculture.
The maps were produced exclusively for this paper by Tsinghua University using advanced atmospheric modeling techniques using data from winter 2012.
Home to China’s Most Polluted Cities
Heavily dependent on industry, Jing-Jin-Ji is home to eight of China’s ten most polluted cities, making it the most polluted region in the country. A more diversified economy – for example, with more focus on renewable energy – combined with investment in energy efficiency measures for industry, would help ensure cleaner air.
- Baoding 保定
- Xingtai 邢台
- Shijiazhuang 石家庄
- Tangshan 唐山
- Handan 邯郸
- Hengshui 衡水
- Jinan 济南
- Langfang 廊坊
- Zhengzhou 郑州
- Tianjin 天津
Plentiful Wind and Solar Resources
Hebei ranks 3rd in China for installed wind capacity and 6th for installed solar capacity, and good geography should boost renewable energy output.
Jing-Jin-Ji is near some of China’s best wind regions—comparable to Iowa in the United States.
Jing-Jin-Ji is near some of China’s best solar regions, comparable to central Spain.
Hebei ranks 3rd in China for installed wind capacity and 6th for installed solar capacity, but good geography should boost renewable energy output