Project Yangtze River
The Yangtze River, the longest river in Asia, is a major economic artery, a critical source of drinking water, and a significant wildlife habitat in China. Encompassing 20 percent of China’s total land area and home to 40 percent of the country’s population, the Yangtze River basin covers nine provinces – Guizhou, Yunnan, Sichuan, Hubei, Hunan, Anhui, Jiangxi, Zhejiang and Jiangsu – and two municipalities –Shanghai and Chongqing. Significantly, it also contributes over 40 percent of China’s GDP. Given the region’s importance, the central government has listed development of the “Yangtze River Economic Belt” as a national priority. However, water and soil pollution, water scarcity, degraded rural and suburban environment, and shrinking lakes and wetlands puts future economic growth at risk.
In response, the Paulson Institute launched an initiative with the National Development and Reform Commission to engage in collaborative research and propose solutions to address the complex challenges of economic development and environmental protection within the Yangtze River basin.
The project will convene workshops and conduct field visits to examine policies in the following areas:
- Environmental governance
- Environmental protection and pollution control in watersheds
- Non-point source pollution prevention in agriculture
- Point-source pollution control in industrial parks
- Investment and financing mechanisms
The project also includes study tours to explore international best practices in river basin management and will culminate in a series of papers and recommendations.